The MAP News
MAP’s Summary Report for CEMBR Training available on-line
MYANMAR: The summary report for the Community Based Ecological Mangrove Restoration (CBEMR) training which MAP carried out in Sittwe, Rakhine State, Myanmar in Jan. 2017 has been released. The 5 day training workshop was followed by 7 days of hands-on field training for a smaller group of participants creating three CBEMR demonstration sites. The training and demonstration sites were carried for the French NGO, ACTED, and was funded by USAID and Synchronicity Earth of the UK. Besides the normal land tenure complications to locating demonstration sites we discovered firewood collection and free grazing livestock are the greatest barriers to natural mangrove regeneration in the area surrounding Sittwe and as a result restoration sites required fencing and strong community commitment to maintain them. On behalf of co-trainer, Dominic Wodehouse and myself, I would like to thank our Myanmar presenters, facilitators and translators, U Toe Aung from the Forest Department, U Win_Sein_Naing of the Mangrove Service Network (MSN), U San Win, from the Forest Dept and PhD candidate at King Mongkut University, Bangkok, U Win Muang of Worldview Int. Foundation, and U Thein Haing from the Community Empowerment and Resilience Association (CERA). Also a special thanks to all the ACTED staff for their logistics support. All together they contributed to a very successful CBEMR training. READ MORE
Gambian wildlife reserve facing depletion, Chinese company blamed
GAMBIA - Gambia’s first Community Wildlife Reserve in the village of Gunjur, 35 kilometers from Banjul is facing depletion as its stream has turned red and wildlife found dead. Villagers from the community were shocked by the discovery last week and suspected a nearby Chinese fish processing company, Golden Lead Factory of poisoning the reserve, Dutch wildlife conservation organisation Green Wall Warriors announced. “The locals think it might be a toxic which is used in the factory. While fearing for their health, the local environmentalists managed to fill a plastic bottle as a sample for research. With tears in their eyes they shot some pictures and went back home,” they added with pictures showing the damage. The result of the sample is not yet available to determine the actual cause of the red water and dead wildlife. The same company is also accused of disposing off suspected toxic waste into the sea via pipes, resulting in the washing ashore of dead fish along the coastline. READ MORE
Will Chinese fishing destroy the Gambia’s tourism?
GAMBIA - When you think about the Gambia, you will probably think about the famous smiling coast with its beautiful tropical beaches. Well forget that, that was the old Gambia. A better name nowadays would be ‘The Smelling Coast’ since the construction of two Chinese fish processing plants in Gunjur and Kartong. A thirth one is to be expected in Abéné (Senegal).Last year the Chinese built two fish processing plants in Gunjur and eco-village Kartong. The processing plant in Kartong is as large as a football field to give you any idea about the scale. The name is Golden Lead import and export company. This Factory is run by two Chinese persons Robin & Jojo. Could u ever imagine a huge factory like this being deployed in an offcial eco-village? Well, it really happened. Since the Chinese processing plants are built a new pipeline had been put into the ocean so the factory can get rid of their wastewater easily. Since this pipe has been build every day thousands of dead fish wash up the beaches of Kartong and Gunjur. It is not surprising that thousands of people living in Kartong and Gunjur fear for their own health when you see the amounts of dead fish washing up shore. According to locals, “Bolongfehyoto wildlife reserve where the wastewater was initially pumped, was contaminated resulting in dying of fish and mangroves”. READ MORE
Request for Emergency relief program for Bangladesh Super cyclone (MORA) victims
BANGLADESH - A severe cyclone hit the coast of Bangladesh Tuesday, 30 May. Winds of up to 120 - 146 kph hit areas around Cox's Bazar and Chittagong. The cyclone and subsequent storm surge has displaced up to half a million people from low lying areas along the coast and on near-by islands. Government sources confirmed 9 deaths on Tuesday, 30 May but unofficial sources claim the number will be higher. However, it seems the loss of lives has been much less than was anticipated. Unofficial reports available indicate that almost all kutcha houses in the affected areas have been destroyed leaving large numbers of people homeless. Extensive damage has also been caused to schools, roads, standing crops, livestock, industry, business establishments, salt beds, shrimp culture, roads, telecommunications and electrical supply networks. APCD, reported that an estimated 48,400 people had sought refuge at their 45 cyclone shelters in the Cox's Bazar district and will remain there until alternative shelter arrangements are completed. Reports reaching Dhaka from various sources indicate the affected people are in immediate need of food, shelter, drinking water and clothing. Hundreds of thousands of people are living in the open or in makeshift shelters. Rescue operations are continuing and emergency relief work is being undertaken by the government and NGOs. READ MORE
Coastal Livelihood And Environmental Assets Restoration In Rakhine (CLEARR)
MYANMAR - The purpose of the CLEARR project is to increase food and livelihood security in the coastal communities through agricultural and livelihood supports, mangrove areas rehabilitation and management. The project is implemented by the MERN network which includes 6 local partners: Border Areas Development Association (BDA), Biodiversity and Nature Conservation Association (BANCA), Ecosystem Conservation and Community Development Initiative (ECCDI), Economically Progressive Ecosystem Development (EcoDev), Swanyee Development Foundation (SDF) and Rakhine Coastal Region Conservation Association (RCA). The main results include: 5300 acres of mangrove forests as community forest with sole use by the villagers; Creation of two biodiversity hotspots for the conservation of the critically endangered species Bruguiera hainesii and endangered sea turtles; Establishment of Village Conservation Communities (VCCs); Managing a Revolving Fund system that provides loans at low interest READ MORE
Marvellous Mangroves Ten Years in Brazil
BRAZIL - It has been over ten years since work started to translate and adapt Marvellous Mangroves for use in Brazilian schools by MAP’s partners, Instituto BiomaBrasil (IBB). In April, 2006, the process began when IBB’s Clemente Coelho Jnr. and Renato Almeida observed and participated in a MM workshop held in Tilapa on the Northwest coast of Guatemala. Organised in conjunction with the local NGO Amigos Del Bosque and CORALINA - based in San Andres, Colombia, - Tilapa was the launch for teachers of the Guatemala(Spanish) version of MM. It was only six months later that MAP Education Director Martin Keeley and Elaine Corets (then South American co-ordinator for MAP) rejoined Clemente and Renato together with several teachers and scientists in Cariacica, southeast Brazil, and started work on adapting and translating MM into Portuguese for use in Brazilian schools. READ MORE
Brazilian mangroves threatened by shift in local traditions
BRAZIL - In the village of Tramataia, Brazil crab-pickers, or caranguejeiros, walk to the shoreline at night with an offering of tobacco to Father Mangrove. They ask for a bountiful hunt and seek permission to enter the mangroves safely. Father Mangrove is a revered man of great stature who smokes a pipe and carries a “sambura,” a handmade basket to fill with fish. Caranguejeiros who disrespect the spirit by using harsh words or harming mangroves consequentially suffer animal attacks, damaged canoes, unlucky hunts, or total disorientation – they can’t find their way home in the nearly-impenetrable mangrove forest. Brazil lays claim to 8.5 percent of the world’s mangroves, spanning from Amapá in the north to Santa Catarina in the south and covering approximately 13,000 square kilometers. It is the second largest area of mangrove forests on the planet. Native communities here rely on these mangroves for food, building materials, and medicines. For example, most families in the village of Tramataia (population 1,100) in Paraíba State rely on large mangrove crabs (Ucides cordatus) for subsistence and also as their main source of income. Men traditionally harvest crabs, while women dissect the meat. But markets are changing, and crabbing communities in Paraiba State are not immune to the globalization of trade. READ MORE
Launch global call to protect the mangroves
USA - The Organization of United Nations (UN) launched during the International Week of the Forest-a global call to protect the mangroves, which disappear at an “alarming rate” of one percent each year, according to environmentalists. In the framework of the celebration, various environmental organizations reported that 67 percent of the mangrove forests have been destroyed to date, which is conjugated with the threats emanating from climate change, so he called to reverse the situation. The organizations stressed the importance of these ecosystems to protect coastal communities from waves, violent storms and even tsunamis. In the Fourth World Summit of the Ocean, held between the 22 and the 24 of February in Bali (Indonesia) organized by The Economist, the World wide Fund for Nature, Conservation International and the nature conservancy teamed up to announce the Global Alliance of Mangroves. READ MORE
Greetings from MANGROPEDIA, a multi-lingual, open-sourced, free and online based encyclopedia on mangroves!
We are inviting write-ups from all ecologists, conservation activists, experts, literateurs and journalists for the first issue of MANGROPEDIA Quarterly Magazine. All write-ups should be minimum 500 words and maximum around 2,500 words. The topics are but not limited to:
Literature: mangrove related poetry, rhyme, story, myth, legend, novel etc.
Articles on research, study reports, culture, socio-economic condition, plantation, conservation etc.
Review of and Reaction to book, article, novel, research paper, study report etc.
Travelogue of visiting any mangrove forest
Places: description of mangrove forest, tourist Spots, sanctuaries, rivers, creeks and wetlands
Species: description of plants, birds, animals, fishes and small creatures
Biography of mangrove related scholars (notable ecologists, botanists, journalists, activists etc.)
Organization: Description or criticism of any organization or projects working on Mangroves
Coastal Livelihood and Environmental Action Network (CLEAN) has been facilitating MANGROPEDIA since 2015. Although it is yet to be finalized, you may visit Mangropedia Website, Facebook page or Twitter for details.
Besides the online knowledge platform, we have taken an initiative to publish quarterly Bilingual (Bengali and English) magazine with the same name (MANGROPEDIA). The size of the magazine will be Demy Octavo (8.5" X 5.5") with photo, graphics and texts. The first issue (July - September 2017) will be published on International Day for the Conservation of Mangrove Ecosystems (26 July 2017).
Please submit your write-up to firstname.lastname@example.org on or before 17 June 2017, Friday, 5:00 PM Bangladesh time (UST+6:00).
We are also welcoming conservation organizations to be a partner of this initiative. If you are interested, please mail to: email@example.com.
Calling schools, teachers and students!
Mangrove Action Project
Thursday, June 8, 2017
Posted by BlogAdmin at 8:32 PM
Saturday, May 27, 2017
It was such a delight to have over presenting to the fellows. You set the tone for the fellows to understand the importance of mangrove forests around the world and how each one of us plays a role in conserving them.
I wanted to share with you what the fellows told me they learned from you:
1. What were the primary lessons you learned from this speaker?
· Importance of Mangroves and what their organization is doing to save degradation of mangroves
· Political and government support must go parallel with the community initiatives
· How one of the international NGO is working
· Significance of Mangrove in livelihood of coastal people. Role of mangrove forest and coastal ecosystem for mitigating climate change effect. Relationship of shrimp farming and degradation of mangrove forest.
2. What component of this lecture can you relate to your research?
· Community participation in forest fire management.
· How they communicate with other partners.
· It is an international non-profit. Also India has many mangroves which are under threat. I could take some important lessons about mangroves
3. What was the highlight of the lecture for you?
· I didn’t know that shrimp aquaculture was the major reason for mangrove degradation
· It is good to know about MAP's efforts in engaging with big buyers/ restaurants to control the consumption of unsustainable shrimps.
· learning about the ecology of mangroves
· Mangrove forest as carbon rich and productive forest and playing role to mitigate effect of tsunami in coastal area.
We really learned a lot!!
We will keep you posted on the fellows projects developments. People like you make the fellowship program a success.
Thank you, thank you, thank you!!
Have a great weekend,
Posted by BlogAdmin at 10:03 AM
Thursday, May 25, 2017
The MAP News
417th Edition May 27, 2017
Communities band together to protect El Salvador’s last mangroves
EL SALVADORE - “Without the mangroves, we couldn’t live here,” says José Antonio Hernández. “We wouldn’t have any water.” He is standing on a rare dry patch of soil amid a mangrove forest on El Salvador’s eastern coast. While his green button-up shirt bears the logo of the Ministry of Natural Resources (MARN), Juan works as a volunteer on his daily patrols of the mangroves. José Horacio Soriano accompanies Hernández on the patrol. They both work as Natural Resource Guards for the Mangrove Association, a coalition of 80 communities that protects the mangroves of Usulután province. The Lempa river divides Usulután from the neighboring province of San Vicente. The communities at the river’s southern end where it empties into the Pacific Ocean are known as the Bajo Lempa – or Lower Lempa. Hernández explains that he arrived in the Bajo Lempa at the end of El Salvador’s Civil War. In the 1992 Peace Accords, the government committed to redistributing land to the guerrillas of the Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front (FMLN) and members of the National Guard and Army. READ MORE
South Africa joins the world in observing the International Day for Biological Diversity
SOUTH AFRICA - The theme of this year’s International Day for Biological Diversity is “Biodiversity and Sustainable Tourism”, and was chosen to coincide with the observance of 2017 as the International Year of Sustainable Tourism for Development, as proclaimed by the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA). The Convention on Biological Diversity defines IDB as the variability among living organisms from all sources including, terrestrial, marine and other aquatic ecosystems and the ecological complexes of which they are part. The minister of environmental affairs, Dr Edna Molewa said in a statement this year’s theme had particular resonance at a time when eco-tourism was growing in popularity and making greater contributions to South Africa’s economic growth. “Nature-based tourism, or rather eco-tourism is recognised as a driver and critical component to the sustainability and efficacy of conservation management,” said Molewa. READ MORE
Speakers stress importance of mangrove forests for coastal areas
PAKISTAN - Experts underlined the importance of combined efforts to protect Mangrove forests of Indus delta. They said that Mangrove forests, on the Pakistani coastal line, acted as a protection wall against Tsunami or cyclones. Mangrove forest is one of the most important factors that keep the coasts safe from sea water. They added that during the last few years, two million mangrove samplings had been planted along the Pakistani coasts. Pakistan owns one of the largest mangroves forests in the world, they informed. Country Representative IUCN Pakistan Mahmood Akhtar Cheema, National Coordinator Mangroves for the Future Programme (MFF) Pakistan Ghulam Qadir Shah, Director International Center for Chemical and Biological Sciences (ICCBS), University of Karachi (UoK) Professor Dr M Iqbal Choudhary, Dr Naeem Shahzad of NUST, and Amjad Siddiqui delivered lectures at the one-day workshop entitled, “Ecosystem Based Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change Adaptation for Integrated Coastal Zone Management,” held here at the Professor Dr Salimuzzaman Siddiqui Auditorium, ICCBS on Thursday. Mahmood Akhtar Cheema said that the country could witness a positive change only “If we start working together.” READ MORE
Mangrove sites can mean serious business
INDONESIA - A rehabilitated mangrove site in Indonesia would have generated an estimated net worth of more than $15,000 in carbon revenue if developed as a carbon project, according to a Charles Darwin University PhD candidate. Clint Cameron forecasted that a 14-hectare site in Tiwoho, Sulawesi, would have generated thousands of dollars in carbon revenue over the 10 years since its mangroves were rehabilitated. “The deforestation of mangrove ecosystems and their conversion for other land uses is a big environmental issue in South-east Asia,” Mr Cameron said. “These findings show the tangible difference that mangroves could make to benefiting rural livelihoods, and will help build a picture of the potential emissions reduction profile from rehabilitating mangrove sites.” READ MORE
Shrimp farming is booming in Tamil Nadu – but it is causing water and soil pollution
INDIA - It was nearly dusk in Killai village in coastal Cuddalore district, Tamil Nadu, on a warm summer day. In a barren field lined with coconut trees and date palm, a pair of loudspeakers tied to an electric pole blared Tamil folk music. In a slow procession, men and women of all ages trickled into the empty field where a stage was set, bearing a red banner with the words “Iraal Pannaigal Edhurpu Manadu”. A meeting to oppose shrimp farming. The villagers were residents of 15 villages around Killai who complained that shrimp aquaculture had turned their groundwater salty over the last 15 years and rendered all their drinking water sources unusable. The soil in these villages has turned so saline that groundnut and paddy, once harvested in plenty, no longer grow. The natural water holes, or oothu, from where they drew sweet potable water are now simply salt water springs. Making matters worse, the lush Pichavaram mangrove forests that garland the backwaters near Killai – a popular tourist attraction – are dying a slow death as a result of chemical waste from the shrimp farms. READ MORE
Vietnam’s response to climate change? A shrimp and mangrove cocktail
VIET NAM - Like other shrimp farmers here in this lush, canal-lined province in Vietnam’s Mekong Delta, Nguyen Van A can instantly rattle off the precise percentage of saltwater in which crustaceans grow best. And at the moment, he insists with a smile, everybody knows that Ben Tre Province has the best brackish water in the world. “Shrimp and crabs in Ben Tre are always better than shrimp and crabs elsewhere, because the saltwater percentage is the best, so the meat tastes better,” he said. But Nguyen Van A also knows the percentage at which they begin to die. Last year, when the delta was devastated by the worst drought in recorded history, the amount of salt in Ben Tre’s water hit that target, and kept shooting up. The province's rice crops were the first to die, followed by hardier fruit trees and coconut palms. But eventually, even his salt water shrimp were all lost.
The struggle to save Arakan’s mangroves
MYANMAR - Until fairly recently, the residents of Kan Ngu, a coastal village in southern Arakan State, considered the mangroves in their area simply as another source of firewood and paid little attention to the shrinking forest. “The locals did not carry out mangrove conservation in the past and cut it down without permission,” recalled Kyaw Win, a 62-year-old former fisherman and village leader. But then, a few years ago, international aid groups begun to implement community projects that raised awareness of the mangroves’ important role in protecting the coastal environment and local attitudes quickly changed, he said. “The locals now understand the impacts of mangrove deforestation and they no longer destroy the forest,” Kyaw Win said. “These mangrove forests are our benefactor, they are the habitat of fish, prawns and crabs. And we can earn money from catching these animals.” He added the he and other villagers had set up a local committee to conserve the mangrove ecosystem. Mangroves are not only an important habitat, but also help protect the coastal environment against land erosion and floods caused by storms and occasional cyclones that lash the Arakan coast during rainy season. READ MORE
Mangroves Under Threat From BMC; Trouble in Shiv Sena
INDIA - It is not just the builder mafia that mangroves in Mumbai are facing a threat from. Mangroves in Juhu and Versova are under dire threat from the civic body itself, thanks to carelessness and oversight in creating the revised draft Development Plan (DP) 2034. In the planning committee’s report submitted recently to the BMC, three plots of lands in Versova and Juhu have been opened up for development in the draft DP, despite the plots being part of mangrove land. The presence of mangrove land can be clearly seen in Google Earth visuals and has been verified through site inspections by elected representatives. What’s even more alarming for residents is that there is intentional setting of fire on the said mangrove land every 10 days to destroy them. Fire has been reported six times in the last two months in this area. READ MORE
UWCT students lead new Marine Animal and Nature Trust Association
THAILAND - The Marine Animal and Nature Trust Association (Manta) is a student led co-curricular activity reflective of the United World College Thailand’s (UWCT) focus and engagement in Marine Conservation. The mangrove restoration part of Manta originally consisted of Alessandro in Grade 10, supervisor Kru (“Teacher”) Jalal, and myself (Jakub Bystricky). I had no experience with mangroves except for the planting trip we did during the orientation week at the beginning of Grade 11. Luckily, Kru Jalal showed us and helped us understand how the mangrove ecosystem functions. Afterwards, we explained the importance of mangrove forests through some presentations to other students at UWCT. Once Kru Jalal said, “I’ve led several planting trips where our community has planted over 4,000 mangroves since I arrived at UWCT and my dream is to have a mangrove nursery here on site.” And I have to say that Alessandro and I liked that dream too. So we had a plan. As we needed money, we decided to use a “Global Concerns Fund” (GC). We went through the long process of becoming a GC and finally got our project approved. However, we didn’t become a GC alone. Coincidentally, another group with similar interests was also trying to be a GC club and they also didn’t have enough members. READ MORE
Call to stop mangrove clearing
MEXICO - In Chicxulub Puerto, where there is invasion of the marsh and destruction of mangrove to build shacks, the First Mangrove Festival will be held from June 2 to 5, Genaro Pérez Figueroa, coordinator of the event, said Wednesday. The objective of the festival is to inform and generate awareness in the population about the importance that the mangrove has in the coastal ecosystem, he indicated. And at the same time to send a message to society and the authorities that in Chicxulub Puerto “we are not indifferent to this serious problem of invasion and destruction of wetlands and mangrove”, he said. The festival is organized by citizens who formed the group Caracol Project, Chicxulub Puerto, which in the future will constitute a civil association. READ MORE (EN ESPANOL)
Forestry Dept to restore mangroves and swamps
JAMAICA - The Forestry Department will be carrying out a number of initiatives for the restoration of the island's mangroves and swamps as part of an expanded mandate to reforest significantly depleted areas.According to the department, following a land use assessment conducted between 1998 and 2013, it was found that the two forest types have been depleted by some 98 per cent. The report from this assessment, it said, formed the basis for the National Forest Management and Conservation Plan, which specifies line actions for the restoration of the forest types. Senior research officer at the Forestry Department, Brahim Diop told JIS News that, based on the report, it was determined that the department should lead a concerted national effort in this regard. “These two forest types are particularly important for climate change adaptation, so, we decided. and other stakeholders have seen the importance of the Forestry Department having management responsibility over mangroves and swamp forests found on government-owned lands,” he said. READ MORE Mangrove Action Project shares with WFI International Fellows
USA - Mangrove Action Project’s Sara Lavenhar was asked to present to a group of International Fellows at the World Forest Institute of Portland, Oregon. WFI’s team of International Fellows is selectively chosen from the forestry profession around the globe. In a program unique to the industry, these Fellows serve six month Fellowships at WFI, using a wide range of skills, expertise and language abilities to complete a primary project. Fellows participate in the program through the U. S Department of State’s Visa Exchange Visitor Program. The purpose of the Exchange Visitor Program is to promote mutual understanding between the people of the United States and the people of other countries through educational and cultural exchanges. The WFI Fellows learn about sustainable forestry in Oregon and carry that knowledge forward globally, promoting best practices when they return home. They recently reported on the knowledge they gained. READ MORE
To: Mr. Carlos Berlin Montero (SEMARNAT): firstname.lastname@example.org,
Dr. Eduardo Adolfo Batllori Sampedro: email@example.com,
Biol. Ignacio Millán Tovar, (PROFEPA): firstname.lastname@example.org
We at Mangrove Action Project have for 25 years been working to conserve and restore our planet’s mangrove ecosystems, which today are threatened by short-sighted development. MAP was founded as an international network back in 1992, but evolved into an active community-based organization working with local NGOs and communities in an effort to halt further mangrove loss. We were quite alarmed when we heard news about what was happening to the mangroves in Chicxulub Port, Yucatán, Méxicom where recent mass clearing of mangroves was occurring illegally in the area.
MAP has grown steadily during the last 24 years to become a respected member of the global environmental movement. MAP's international network has grown to include over 500 NGOs and 350 scientists and academics from over 60 nations. One of our primary goals is to raise awareness about the important services and benefits mangroves provide.
These unique and endangered ecosystems serve as nurseries and essential habitat for a myriad of marine life, vital for commercial fisheries and the livelihoods of millions of fishermen. Mangroves protect coral reefs and sea grass beds, are amazing carbon sequesterers and protect the shorelines from erosion and damage from wave action, tsunamis and hurricanes. With rising sea levels and increasing frequency and intensity of storms, mangrove valuations are skyrocketing.
Thus we now appeal to you to help stop the current mangrove destruction in the area of Chicxulub Port. Your help to halt this wasteful loss is essential. Please let us know if you need more information concerning the problems arising there, as we are happy to be of service in answering any questions you may have. I urge you to visit our website at: mangroveactionproject.org. I also am attaching a link to our Spanish section of our website for your review.
For the Mangroves,
Mangrove Action Project
Calling schools, teachers and students!
Mangrove Action Project
Posted by BlogAdmin at 11:26 PM
Thursday, May 11, 2017
The MAP News
E- GROUP SHARES BEST RESTORATION PRACTICES
THAILAND - MAP established the Community Based Ecological Mangrove Restoration (CBEMR) yahoo e-group to share information amongst mangrove restoration practitioners in the Bay of Bengal Region following a CBEMR workshop MAP held in AP, India in 2005. CBEMR puts the focus on hydrology and correcting it if it's preventing natural regeneration from occurring. Using CBEMR means that planting seedlings often is not required and the result will be a more natural biodiverse mangrove forest. The e-group has proved to be an effective tool for information and experience sharing on mangrove restoration, so the group has been opened to all others interested in CBEMR. Now the group has more than 200 members including students, NGOs, academics, scientists and mangrove restoration practitioners from Asia, Africa, North America, Europe and Australia. The emphasis of the group is on sharing mangrove restoration information using the CBEMR methodology to improve the effectiveness of mangrove restoration projects, but other information on mangrove conservation is also being exchanged. To learn more about the CBEMR group and to request to join please go the CBEMR group's home page
The Last Mangroves of the Seychelles
SEYCHELLES - When French settlers first arrived in the remote islands of the Seychelles, thick mangrove forests fringed the western shore of Mahe, the largest of the islands in the archipelago. Inside the green coastal forests, giant crocodiles roamed through the tangled branches, as well as many species of fish, crab and birds. The woodlands were a paradise of diversity, and beyond the mangroves, a healthy and colourful coral reef ecosystem propagated. But during french settlement in the late 17 and 1800s, much of the mangrove forest was cleared to make way for development; houses, harbours and aquaculture. Today, one of the few mangrove forests on Mahe Island is found in a thin valley in the north of the Island called Port Launay, a Ramsar Site of International Importance. “This mangrove is one of the last and best-remaining mangrove in the Seychelles,” Markus Ultsch-Unrath tells me as we paddle in a kayak along the tidal river the bisects the Port Launay mangrove forest, floating beside the tangled branches and mangrove trees that plunge into the muddy banks. READ MORE
Community Turns Mangrove Swamps into Money Bank
LIBERIA - Residents of Fedrick’s Island in New Matadi, Monrovia are transforming mangrove swamps into sources of income by introducing “cage aquaculture.” Mangrove swamps are home to a variety of fish, crab, shrimp and other species; and they serve as an important source of food and income generation. However, mangrove swamps in Liberia suffer from high volumes of waste including plastic bags and bottles, human feces and other substances that affect mangrove species. But despite the misuse of mangrove swamps, Fubbi Henries, a resident of the Matadi community in Monrovia is working with low income community members to make mangrove swamps a source of income. Through his agro program, Henries has introduced “cage aquaculture” as an income generating opportunity for Fredrick’s Island residents in New Matadi. READ MORE
Gender equality: A game changer for nature
THAILAND - Though Asia’s unprecedented economic growth has brought many benefits to its communities through higher incomes and a better quality of life, it has also exacerbated threats to the region’s ecosystems through natural habitat degradation and biodiversity loss, due to commercial, agricultural and industrial activity. Rates of mangrove, wetland and forest loss in Asia are among the highest in the world; 95 percent of Southeast Asian coral reefs are at risk; and almost 1,400 plants and animals in the region are listed as Critically Endangered and Endangered. All is not lost, though. Thankfully, this is the 21st century, and the vital role of gender equality, equity and inclusion in conservation and environmental protection has been receiving increasing attention from both the scientific and political community. A large number of international organisations have been relentlessly advocating for the empowerment of women, and for them to take real ownership of the ecosystems on which they rely. For instance, IUCN’s gender policy calls for the promotion of equity and equality as a crucial factor for environmental sustainability, and as an integral part of all conservation efforts. READ MORE
Mumbai lost 20 acres of mangrove forests to debris in 7 years, made way for encroachers
INDIA - Dumping of debris has destroyed more than 20 acres of mangrove forests in Charkop, Kandivli in Mumbai over the past seven years, making way for encroachment by 3,000 shanties and private properties. The violations were brought to light on Wednesday during a monthly meeting of the Maharashtra government’s committee for protection and conservation of mangroves, which was attended by suburban collector, police personnel, mangrove cell, Konkan divisional commissioner and civic officials. “Closer to the Manori creek, there is a 100-acre mangrove patch. But in the corners of Charkop village, builders and land mafia have reduced the cover to barren patches,” said Reji Abraham, environmentalist and member of the committee, who shows the maps and pictures of the destruction at the meeting. “Local authorities have helped builders in hacking mangrove trees and building prime property.” READ MORE
Sea cucumber hatchery to give momentum to industry
SRI LANKA - The construction of a new sea cucumber hatchery was initiated in Mannar at a cost of Rs 180 million rupees, says Nimal Chandraratne, the director general of National Aquaculture Development Authority of Sri Lanka. Once completed this year, the hatchery will produce a million juvenile sea cucumbers annually, Chandraratne assured. A study funded by the Mangroves for the Future, carried out for six months between October 2013 and June 2014 by the University of Jaffna, found that the population is depleted in the Jaffna Lagoon. The sea cucumber species called sandfish (holothuria scabra) that has higher value in the market is now categorized as ‘endangered’ by the IUCN Red List of threatened fauna. So the industry is doomed to collapse without intervention. Fisheries expert Dr Steve Creech, emphasized the importance of having a management strategy for Sri Lanka’s sea cucumber fishery to save the free living population. He recognizes the issue of open access for Sri Lankan sea cucumber fisheries that will further deplete the natural living species. So he suggests there should be harvest control strategies based on annual assessment of the status of the stocks. Dr Creech thinks that sea cucumber farming is a good development with low impact on the environment and ecosystem and fishing. READ MORE
Mangrove crab: Ecologically significant and economically promising
INDONESIA - Since 2000, Situbondo’s mangrove coverage has been reduced significantly, largely due to large-scale conversion of mangrove forests into shrimp ponds and for milkfish aquaculture along the coast of Mangaran, a sub-district in Situbondo. This conversion, and the absence of a coastal green belt, have led to coastal erosion and a loss of around 50-100 m of land. Many fishponds have been destroyed by the coastal erosion, resulting in the loss of livelihoods for some communities. To strengthen the resilience of ecosystem-dependent coastal communities, the socio-economic development of the communities living near the mangrove ecosystem is equally as important as the mangrove rehabilitation itself. A project in Tanjung Pecinan village, Mangaran, Situbondo, implemented by Samir Bamboo Conservation (SAMBACO) under a Mangroves for the Future (MFF) grant, aims to protect mangroves against sea abrasion through mangrove rehabilitation and livelihood development activities in Mangaran. Crab fattening was identified as an alternative livelihood that could increase the income of communities in Tanjung Pecinan village. In crab fattening, wild-caught juvenile crabs weighing about 100-150 grams are put in floating bamboo cages that are 1m by 1.5 m in size. Every cage fits up to 40-50 crabs. The crabs are fed two times a day, in the morning and evening, for 20 days. After 20 days, the crabs weigh 200-250 grams and are ready to be harvested by community groups. READ MORE
Impact of 2004 Asian tsunami could have been reduced with mangroves
INDONESIA - The indigenous people of Pahawang Island – a speck in a bay at the eastern end of Sumatra – already knew that. In the 1980s and 1990s, the mangrove forests fringing their island were over-exploited. They were turned into charcoal by Korean companies, cut down for timber, and converted to fish ponds by migrants from East Java. By the early 2000s, coastal erosion had become a huge problem for the islanders. Houses, agricultural land and fish ponds were swept away in storms, fish no longer bred among the looping mangrove roots, and malaria and dengue outbreaks became more common. So village leaders got together and pioneered their own innovative governance system for their mangroves. They divided the mangrove area into three territories – a strict “protection zone” and a “utilisation zone” where limited timber harvesting was allowed. They also identified areas for reforesting, and secured seedlings and funding. READ MORE
New Spanish website on mangroves and climate change
PANAMA - The “Protection of carbon pool and sinks in wetlands and protected areas in Panamá” project has launched its new website, creating the online reference on mangroves and climate change in Spanish. It fills a gap in online information in Spanish on this topic and is the place to go for information on mangroves’ ecosystem services related to climate change, educational materials and publications. The project has developed an animated video, called The Importance of Mangroves for Climate Change, which is accessed on the site as well. In addition, many educational materials from other projects in the region of Latin America are published on the site, thereby reducing the need for hours of needless searching. VISIT SITE
We are looking for children’s mangrove art for our 2018 Children’s Art Calendar. Do you have a project in your school? Would you like to participate in our annual calendar contest? Let us know.
Email me to let me know what plans you are making, or to ask questions about the program. We’d love to hear from your school about how Mangroves are part of your life, your community and your future!
Looking forward to seeing your submissions!
Mangorve Action Project Children’s Art Director
CBEMR Experience Exchange MAP 2017 English Subtitle
Mangrove Action Project
Posted by BlogAdmin at 10:50 PM